2001 Assessment of the Office of Naval Research's Aircraft by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee for the Review of ONR's Aircraft Technology Program

The place of work of Naval learn (ONR) gotten smaller with the Naval experiences Board (NSB) of the nationwide examine Council (NRC) to set up a committee to check ONR's airplane know-how software (ATP). The committee convened on may perhaps 15 and sixteen, 2001, and reviewed a few 28 technology and expertise (S&T) efforts that have been offered as constituting the ATP. The committee met individually on may well 17, 2001, to formulate its findings and proposals. This record represents the consensus opinion of the committee and is predicated at the info awarded on the assessment. The ONR ATP is living in the Strike know-how department (Code 351) of the Naval Expeditionary battle technological know-how and know-how division (Code 35). In 2001 the ATP is funded at $55.0 million, that is nearly 60 percentage of the Strike know-how department price range. The ATP S&T 2001 funds is additional divided into the subsequent different types: (1) 6.1 uncomplicated learn at $4.3 million, (2) 6.2 exploratory improvement at $18.1 million, and (3) 6.3 complex improvement, together with expertise demonstrations, at $32.5 million. although, the ATP may be in significant transition starting in FY02.

Starting in FY02, all the 6.3 investment and one-half of the 6.2 investment on the ONR could be devoted to 12 significant application components known as destiny Naval features (FNCs). the aim of the FNCs is to concentration complicated know-how improvement at ONR on naval strength features which have been pointed out as excessive precedence for the long run by way of a cross-functional crew of naval operators, naval improvement and aid corporations, and ONR application managers. Plans were made to combine numerous of the Code 351 courses reviewed into FNCs. The ATP used to be provided to the committee in six thrust components: built-in avionics, propulsion and gear, air car expertise, unmanned aerial vehicles/unmanned wrestle air automobiles (UAVs/UCAVs), survivability, and unique aviation initiatives. numerous initiatives have been provided inside each one thrust sector. The committee geared up this file based on those thrust components, and in numerous of those parts it additionally indicates new S&T subject matters for attention for the long run ATP. The findings and proposals of the committee are summarized during this report.

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Recommendations The program should be kept focused on naval-unique areas, although some consideration should be given to two new directions in order to enable advanced capability systems in the future. The first direction is extending the science and technology of flight control system design (by means of tools that enable flight safety and reliability) to mission-critical functions, such as those required by more autonomous air vehicles. That would address the very critical need for UAVs to have extremely high mission reliability.

Which will advance UAV autonomy systems technology required by future UAV missions”) that the BAA is basically a call for creative concepts. Apparently the Autonomous Operations FNC program is to be detailed after the BAA responses are received. While good ideas can be obtained by means of BAAs, there is considerable risk in not having a better definition of requirements at this stage of a major FNC. The overall program is to be a sequence of three demonstrations, with increasing levels of integration.

The committee also recommends that the work of the Air Force Studies Board summer study on automation in combat aircraft8 be considered in the formation of the ONR program. The committee recommends that ONR exploit advances made by others in autonomous navigation, vehicle management, and sensor management and that it sharply curtail additional investments in these areas. Investment is needed in such key areas as decision aids for command and control (C2) and rapid, adaptive mission planning and execution to respond to changing environments.

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