A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel by Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental

By Lecturer in Hebrew and Aramaic at the Faculty of Oriental Studies Geoffrey Khan

Being direct descendants of the Aramaic spoken via the Jews in antiquity, the nonetheless spoken Jewish Neo-Aramaic dialects of Kurdistan deserve designated and brilliant curiosity. Geoffrey Khan's A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic is a different checklist of 1 of those dialects, now at the verge of extinction. This quantity, the results of huge fieldwork, incorporates a description of the dialect spoken through the Jews from the sector of Arbel (Iraqi Kurdistan), including a transcription of recorded texts and a word list. The grammar contains sections on phonology, morphology and syntax, preceded through an introductory bankruptcy interpreting the location of this dialect in terms of the opposite recognized Neo-Aramaic dialects. The transcribed texts checklist folktales and bills of customs, traditions and reports of the Jews of Kurdistan.

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Neo-Aramaic. The dialect of the Jews of Arbel

Sample text

G. ~u~ka 'chick' (Kurd. ~it~ik) (S:64), pir~a 'a hair' (Kurd. pir~). The phonemic independence of ltl from the unvoiced sibilant I sl is demonstrated by the minimal pair ti 'they know' vs. '. The affricate I jl, which is found mainly in loanwords, is realized in one of three ways. g jwanqiiwele [dzwret)'qreve:le:] 'he was a young man' (Y:150). The initial stop component of the voiced affricate I jl is often ultra-shart jwiin [dzwa·n] 'beautifully' (Y:84). l;la in the Suleimaniyya dialect (Hoberman 1985: 228).

Qalib, Turk. kalip).

Iftam 'there'. g. g. ] (L:4). il and the word for 'there' tam, which is not used independently in the Jewish Arbel dialect. il is not pronounced emphatic. g. $[ola ['*>:~~] 'syngogue' (Y:72), satlu ['srenl:l:l 'their pots' (Y:73), :jqilta [~q~rt're] 'a small ring' (L:209). 4 Pronunciations such as [2~~·t'rem], however, suggest that the 1/1 is now a primary emphatic. In the transcription, therefore, a dot is marked under 1/1 in this word. In a few words containing one or more of the consonants lbl, Im/, 1/1, emphatic articulation occurs without it being possible to identify with certainty one of the consonants as a primary emphatic that is the source of the emphasis.

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