By Joseph G. Ponterotto Ph.D.
Robert (Bobby) James Fischer used to be one of many global s such a lot mysterious and intriguing personalities of the center twentieth century. He unmarried handedly ended a 35 12 months span of Russian domination of elite chess while he defeated Boris Spassky for the realm Chess Championship in 1972 in Reykjavik, Iceland. Fischer s dynamic victory ignited in americans a fondness for the sport of chess and a deep satisfaction in being American through the top of the chilly battle. the area understands the tale of Fischer s ascent to the top of chess genius and brilliance, and it understands of his mental decline into social isolation, paranoia, and certain psychological disease. Now, for the 1st time, via A Psychobiography of Bobby Fischer: figuring out the Genius, secret, and mental Decline of an international Chess Champion, we come to appreciate the interior workings of Fischer s brain the genetic, own, family members, cultural, and political components that jointly supply a penetrating window into the why of Bobby Fischer s genius and peculiar habit. popular counseling psychologist and writer Dr. Joseph G. Ponterotto deconstructs nearly each element of Fischer s own and occupation lifestyles to sculpt an integrative mental profile of this enigmatic global character. notwithstanding there were many articles, books, and movies on Bobby Fischer, this article represents the 1st scholarly mental review of the realm s most renowned chess champion. one of the issues addressed within the present quantity are Bobby s early relatives surroundings and his common highbrow presents that predisposed him to genius in chess. severe to knowing Bobby s character improvement is his courting along with his mom Regina Fischer and his sister Joan Fischer, in addition to his courting to his most likely organic father, Paul Felix Nemenyi. those issues are explored in-depth and the effect of those relationships on Bobby s mental improvement is highlighted. Bobby s later-life inner psychological nation -- his distrust, anger, and hatred of Jews is explored and the origins of this affective kingdom are heavily tested. Dr. Ponterotto additionally offers the 1st, rigorously and carefully sculpted mental post-mortem of Bobby Fischer hoping on sleek mental overview tactics. Of curiosity to readers could be a whole bankruptcy evaluating the genius and psychological future health demanding situations of the USA maximum chess champions who lived a century aside, Paul Morphy and Bobby Fischer. This publication additionally explores the subject of the superiority of psychological affliction between elite chess gamers, and gives a severe evaluation of the examine at the power dating among creativity (a hallmark of chess genius) and vulnerability to psychological affliction. eventually, Dr. Ponterotto outlines counseling and psychotherapy interventions that possibly may have helped Bobby all through his existence. although there are lots of biographies at the lifetime of Bobby Fischer, this article represents the 1st scholarly, systematically derived psychobiography of this nice chess champion and enigmatic global character. The ebook comprises 10 content material chapters and choose Tables, Figures, and relations Genograms, in addition to Appendices offering large aspect at the lifetime of Bobby Fischer and relatives. ultimately, the e-book comprises a few unique relatives pictures by no means earlier than released.
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Additional info for A Psychobiography of Bobby Fischer
In Bobby Fischer’s case, accurately understanding his mental states over time could help explain in a more coherent way, behavior that may seem bizarre to the layperson’s eye. Generally speaking, psychologists, mental health counselors, and other mental health professionals (psychiatrists, social workers) do not proffer psychological diagnoses of individuals with whom they have never met and interviewed at length in person. I had never met Bobby Fischer and he certainly was not a patient/client of mine.
Furthermore, there is a connection between childhood precocity for chess and eventual eminence at the game (Howard, 2008). On the “nurture” side of the argument (that is, influences post-birth in the living environment), statistical models that weigh the influence of various predictors (of chess mastery), indicate that the most powerful statistical influence on elite chess skill or expertise is deliberate practice, defined often (but not always) as serious, purposeful chess study alone, in groups, and in serious chess play (Campitelli & Gobet, 2008; Charness, Tuffiash, Krampe, Reingold, & Vasyukova, 2005; de Bruin, Smits, Rikers, & Schmidt, 2008).
1. Robert (Bobby) James Fischer Family Genogram. 27 28 A Psychobiography of Bobby Fischer Fischer. Regina found odd jobs in these cities to support her family— stenographer, typist, and shipyard welder (Brady, 1973, 2011). From Idaho the Fischer family settled in Los Angeles where Regina worked as an elementary school teacher. The family then settled in the tiny town of Mobile in the Arizona desert about 35 miles southwest of Phoenix, where Regina continued work as a teacher. , water was scarce), Joan Fischer remembered these years positively, reflecting to biographer Frank Brady, “It was the first place we were really happy” (Brady, 1973, p.