By James Pustejovsky
This choice of papers takes linguists to the forefront of options in generative lexicon concept, the linguistic composition method that arose from the significant to supply a compositional semantics for the contextual ameliorations in that means that emerge in genuine linguistic utilization. Today’s turning out to be shift in the direction of allotted compositional analyses evinces the applicability of GL idea, and the contributions to this quantity, offered at 3 overseas workshops (GL-2003, GL-2005 and GL-2007) deal with the connection among compositionality in language and the mechanisms of choice in grammar which are essential to preserve this estate. The middle unresolved concerns in compositionality, in terms of the translation of context and the mechanisms of choice, are handled from various views inside of GL idea, together with its easy theoretical mechanisms and its analytical standpoint on linguistic phenomena.
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C. complex types: Concepts making reference to an inherent relation between types. The level of a type will be modeled by its structure, following Asher and Pustejovsky (2006) Type Composition Logic. The set of types is defined in (51) below. 28 (51) J. Pustejovsky a. e the general type of entities; t the type of truth values. ( ; range over all simple types, and subtypes of e; cf. the semilattice in (26) above). b. If and are types, then so is ! c. If and are types, then so is ˝R , where R can range over Age nti ve or T eli c.
13) a. The student read every book in the library. b. The student carried off every book in the library. (14) a. The teacher answered every student’s question. b. The teacher repeated every student’s question. 9 This point is due to Melissa Bowerman, pc. 48 N. Asher and J. Pustejovsky The quantification over books in (13) is sensitive in one case to its informational aspect, and in the other to its physical aspect. In (13a), we simply quantify over all informationally distinct individuals without reference to the instantiations of these informational units; it is not necessary, for example, for the student to have read every distinct copy of every book in the library.
1 Introduction1 Recent work in discourse semantics has focused on modeling the determinants of meaning for linguistic utterances beyond the level of a single clause. As more parameters of interpretation have been incorporated into our model of meaning, the assumption sregarding compositionality have become much more complex (cf. Groenendijk and Stokhof 1990; Kamp and Reyle 1993; Asher 1993; Asher and Lascarides 2003). Similarly, at the level of the clause, richer notions of composition and lexical structure have surfaced to explain the systematic variation in meaning involved in polysemies and polymorphisms (cf.